The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on Monday, Sept. 28, released its annual Crime in the United States report for American cities.
Nationally, the estimated number of violent crimes in the United States decreased by 0.2 percent in 2014 compared to the previous year. Property crimes decreased by a total of 4.3 percent, but, collectively, still cost Americans an estimated $14.3 billion in losses.
Approximately 18,000 law enforcement agencies in the United States voluntarily contribute information to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. That program collects data on violent crimes (including murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery and aggravated assault) and on property crimes (including burglary, larceny-theft and motor vehicle theft). In addition to the offenses listed above, the UCR Program also collects arrest data for twenty other offenses that include all other crimes except traffic violations.
Some highlights from select cities in the Pacific Northwest with populations of more than 100,000 people are as follows:
In Portland, there were increases in each statistical category except robberies and aggravated assaults, which remained unchanged.
In Gresham, there were increases in aggravated assaults, larceny-thefts, and motor vehicle thefts. There was a decrease in murder and nonnegligent homicides, down from five in 2013 to two in 2014 as well as a decrease in rapes from 52 to 47.
In Salem, there were increases in aggravated assaults and larceny thefts while there were decreases in all other categories.
In Vancouver, there was an increase in murder and nonnegligent homicides in 2014, up from two to six. There were also increases in rapes and robberies, but there were decreases in aggravated assaults, larceny-thefts, burglaries and motor vehicle thefts.
Portland Crime 2013 2014
- Murder and nonnegligent homicide 14 26
- Rape 234 262*
- Robbery 917 847
- Aggravated assault 1,776 1,776
- Burglary 4,128 4,146
- Larceny-theft 22,216 24,707
- Motor vehicle theft 3,289 3,376
Gresham Crime 2013 2014
- Murder and nonnegligent homicide 5 2
- Rape 52 47*
- Robbery 275 215
- Aggravated assault 279 285
- Burglary 920 915
- Larceny-theft 3,123 3,500
- Motor vehicle theft 510 746
Salem Crime 2013 2014
- Murder and nonnegligent homicide 7 2
- Rape 47 44
- Robbery 138 103
- Aggravated assault 328 356
- Burglary 983 828
- Larceny-theft 5,143 5,562
- Motor vehicle theft 656 641
Vancouver Crime 2013 2014
- Murder and nonnegligent homicide 2 6
- Rape 74 89
- Robbery 146 151
- Aggravated assault 371 331
- Burglary 1,007 821
- Larceny-theft 3,950 3,617
- Motor vehicle theft 976 821
*NOTE: In 2013 the Summary UCR definition of rape was changed. Where indicated, the statistical data reflects the legacy (pre-2013) definition of rape. For a complete explanation of the change in definition please refer to the addendum in the UCR at www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2014/crime-in-the-u.s.-2014/resource-pages/rape-addendum
For specific information on cities within Oregon, please refer to the following link:
For specific information on cities within Washington, please refer to the following link:
The FBI simply compiles the information as it is provided from local jurisdictions. You will need to contact those local jurisdictions for any analysis of the numbers listed above. Also note that the report features a prominent message cautioning against using the statistics to rank cities or counties. Such rankings can lead to simplistic or incomplete analyses, overlooking the many variables impacting crime and its reporting.
The FBI has been producing the Uniform Crime Report since 1930. View the entire 2014 report at: www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2014/crime-in-the-u.s.-2014